How Do Credit Card Companies Make Money?

Credit cards have gained much popularity in India over the last few years. Public sector banks as well as private banking institutions have come forward to launch a host of credit cards suiting customers with different types of needs. HDFC Credit Cards and SBI Card are the two companies with the largest market share. While…

Credit cards have gained much popularity in India over the last few years. Public sector banks as well as private banking institutions have come forward to launch a host of credit cards suiting customers with different types of needs. HDFC Credit Cards and SBI Card are the two companies with the largest market share. While banks are ready to offer you with a small loan in the form of credit cards, have you ever wondered how these banking institutions make money from these ventures?

The three main ways how card issuers make money is through the annual fee of the card, interest charged on late payment, penalties on skipping EMIs, etc. At the same time, they also earn from the businesses that accept these cards. Businesses are required to pay transaction fees to the banks which also makes up for significant earning of the card issuer banks.

But before we dig deeper into how they make money, let us first understand the term 'Credit Card Companies'. It is easy to get confused between credit card issuers and credit card networks. An issuer is the bank or financial institution from which you take the card. You are taking a loan from the card issuer and paying back to them. A credit card issuing company is usually a bank. On the other hand, credit card network refers to companies that process the transaction. Currently, there are three major networks in India- VISA, Master Card and RuPay. Apart from these, American Express and Discover cards can also be found.

So, when you make a transaction with your credit card, your money moves electronically from your bank through the network to the merchant's bank.

How do credit card companies make money?

As mentioned above, your bank makes money majorly from you and also from the merchants where you use the card issued by the bank to make the payment. Banks or financial institutions make money in the form of-

Fees

Banks charge different types of fees from their cardholders- some fees are to be paid by everyone whereas other types of fees are levied on condition. Let us talk about these fees and charges-

  • Annual Fees- You have to pay annual fees towards your credit card, especially when you are an elite cardholder and enjoy higher benefits than normal users. This is to be paid by all users. However, some banks may set a condition of spend based annual fee reversal scheme.
  • Cash Advance Fees- When you withdraw money from an ATM using your credit card, the bank charges a minimal fee for it which is normally correlated to the amount you withdrawal. This is also included in the card issuer's earnings.
  • Late Fees- Your card issuer charges fees from you if you delay your EMI payments. Banks make more money from late payers in the form of late fees.
  • Balance Transfer Fees- When you transfer outstanding balance from one card to another, the bank charges fees from you which again becomes its earnings.

Interest

The bank or financial institution has just gifted you a credit line. You have to pay the interest for the loan that is offered to you in the form of credit card. This interest cost adds to your expenses and is a method of approaching for the banks. Interest on credit card is charged on daily basis for as long as the amount stands outstanding in your account. This is why experts always advise you to pay the total outstanding amount in full every month because interest will accrue on any amount that stands unpaid.

Let us understand this with the help of an example. Suppose the billing date is on 4th of every month and payment due date falls on 29th of every month. APR = 24%

  1. 10th March- Apparel Shopping- Rs. 5,000
  2. 13th March- Bill Payment- Rs. 2,000
  3. 19th March- Gadget Purchase (converted into 6 month EMI) – Rs. 12,000
  4. 22nd March- Dining Bill- Rs. 1,000

Now considering that the person does not have any outstanding amount from the previous bill, he will have to pay Rs. (5,000 + 1,000 + 2,000 +2000) = Rs. 10,000.

This will be the total amount due on 29th March. Now if the person chooses to pay only Rs. 6,000, the remaining Rs. 4,000 will accrue interest for each day until the amount is paid in full. Considering that the user again pays Rs. 2,000 on the 10th of April, let us see how interest cost works out-

Interest = (outstanding amount x 2 percent per month x 12 months) * (number of days) 365

In this case, the total interest charged would be Rs. 52.60 which is a total for Rs. 4,000 that lies outstanding for 11 days and Rs. 2,000 that lies outstanding for 18 days until the next payment. This is the reason why those who only pay minimum amount due tend to fall into debt sooner sooner. Cardholders should also note that when an amount is outstanding in your statement, the new purchases that you make are not eligible for the interest free period. This is why interest charge is the easiest way how banks make money out of your credit card.

Interchange Fee from the Merchant

When you use your card at a merchant terminal, the merchant also pays a percentage of the amount to the bank as processing fees. This will also be added on to the bank's earnings. It usually ranges between 1 to 3 percent of the transaction value but may differ from merchant to merchant.

How to save yourself from paying too much to the bank?

Savvy customers plan their transactions and payments in a way that they have to pay the least amount to the bank. These are the habits you can adopt to cut your costs-

  • Pay your entire outstanding balance every month; just pay the minimum amount due is not a good practice.
  • Set alerts for your payment due dates to avoid missed payments which entail late fees.
  • Create an emergency fund to replace costlier options like cash advances from credit card.
  • Choose low annual fee or free credit cards and even if you select a card with high annual fee, make sure that the rewards are worth it.

Why People Rarely Get Rich Quick

The world looks like a huge ball full of endless opportunities to get rich but still millions, if not billions, of people are stuck in poverty. While some cases may be argued as sheer bad luck or misfortune, most people are simply not making rich because of various factors that will be highlighted. Most people…

The world looks like a huge ball full of endless opportunities to get rich but still millions, if not billions, of people are stuck in poverty. While some cases may be argued as sheer bad luck or misfortune, most people are simply not making rich because of various factors that will be highlighted.

Most people do not become rich quick because of the failure to balance the paradoxical process that is full of contradictions, requiring a strategic balance of the various elements.

  1. They never plan

Without a plan, and without sticking to the plan, becoming rich becomes a moving target or a wild goose chase. Most people do not become rich quick because they just lack the plan to take them there. Whereas plans can be subjected to turbulence, they provide goals and contingency approaches of achieving these goals or salvaging the entire venture if things become unbearable. Without a plan, and without goals, nothing can ever be completed, and you will keep on starting all over again every other time.

  1. They procrastinate

The best time to start acting on your plans is now. Most people, however, postpon their plans until it all remains as a thought that can never be actualized. Without starting, you can never know the challenges and neither can you come across the opportunities and since becoming rich for these people is also postponed.

  1. They never invest

We have all heard of hardworking employees who retire without a penny in their retirement accounts and have to continue working for their daily maintenance in their retirement ages. It becomes impossible to get rich if you only depend on one stream of income known as linear income. Linear income requires that you get a job done for the payment to be effected and since without working, there is no stream of money. On the other hand, passive income is the money earned from investments that give a return without you having to step in the office. Passive income is the equivalent of making your money to work for you as opposed to you working for the money. Most people will keep on working but will not experience their financial breakthrough because they do not make investments that will enable their money work for them.

  1. They lack intention

Intent is masked in several facets including ambition, accountability, and responsibility among others. The process of becoming rich is an intentional journey that must be followed to fruition. It means that you will take responsibility and remain accountable to yourself, and even when faced with obstacles, your ambition will drive you through up to the realization of your goal. This requires a balance between courage and foolishness, and patients and grabbing opportunities. Most people who do not become rich quick simply lack the ability to persevere and exercise restraint while others exercise restraint and perseverance enough till they miss the chance or get 'burnt.'

How Stress Affects Your Wallet

Worry and anxiety are probably the most operative words usable as descriptive vocabularies of the term stress. Do you have fear or anxiety clogging in any sphere of your life? Do you have professional or job-related stress? Concerns about your retirement? Anxiety about whatever's in store for the coming year? Or concerns about your personal…

Worry and anxiety are probably the most operative words usable as descriptive vocabularies of the term stress. Do you have fear or anxiety clogging in any sphere of your life? Do you have professional or job-related stress? Concerns about your retirement? Anxiety about whatever's in store for the coming year? Or concerns about your personal relationships with your friends, fiancé, or family members? All these worries and anxieties have a significant impact on your wallet. Stress can either bolster your financial wellbeing, or it can licit an adverse outcome on your financial well-being depending on the context of the dilemma.

Positive impacts of stress on your financial wellbeing

  • An anxious mind tends to think about the possible solutions to the looming predicaments. Ergo, when you are stressed with bills in your house, the brain develops a scheme that will provide cheaper alternatives that are cost-cutting, hence more savings. The survival instincts that kick in when worry occupations can be very effective reality checks to your expenditure.
  • Stress gives you the motivation to work harder and earn more money. When you are concerned about your life after retirement, or about how you will provide for your children adequately, you become driven and strive to generate more income so as to be financially stable later on in life.

Negative impacts of stress on your financial wellbeing

  • Stress has a negative impact on your physical and mental well-being; the two key components of human productivity and hence ability to earn. The decreasing mental and physical health culminate to taking sick days off, lack of focus and hence reduced efficiency, quantity and quality of output, therefore, hurting your income.
  • Psychological conditions attributed to stress require either the therapeutic intervention, or pharmacologic management, or both treatments. Treatment of these mental conditions is cost and can irreparably eat into your wallet.
  • Anxiety and other symptoms of depression also affect your level of productivity and ability to earn income. Depressive symptoms such as low self-esteem and poor grooming and hygiene reduce your confidence and interpersonal skills significantly leading to a reduction in your productivity and ability to achieve your full potential and earn income from the same.
  • Poor mental health impedes prudent decision making leading to impulsive expenditure and unsound financial management. These are detrimental to your overall financial being as they result in increased costs, missed opportunities for more income and waste of dollars.
  • Stress can also lead to depressed tendencies, including self-deprecating behavior, especially overindulgence in addictive behaviors. Overindulgence entails high expenditure in unnecessary deeds, sometimes leading to addiction which joins further costs.
  • Your concern over the prevailing conditions shows a lack of satisfaction since the need for a better position or results. This stress emanates from the need to fit in, you may blow your hard earned money so as to appeal to a particular class and this can lead to accumulation of debts that are unhealthy. The desire to change the prevailing conditions can result in extravagant expenditures that are unsustainable at your level of income.

5 Ways Being Overweight Costs You Money

Obesity is not only cost to your health, but being overweight also has adverse implications on your finances. Apart from the obvious medical expenses associated with treating health conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure arising from being obese, here are 5 nonmedical ways being overweight costs you money. Loss of income Lost wages…

Obesity is not only cost to your health, but being overweight also has adverse implications on your finances. Apart from the obvious medical expenses associated with treating health conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure arising from being obese, here are 5 nonmedical ways being overweight costs you money.

  1. Loss of income

Lost wages are the earnings an employee does not receive from their employer because they missed work or were unable to work for one reason or the other. This is lost time, and since it was unproductive, it can not be compensated. An overweight person is bound to lose productive time because of absenteeism when seeking medical attention. This is a loss of income that can be directly attributed to being overweight.

  1. Lost e-learning capacity

Overweight employees suffer short-term disability resulting from the toll of health complications on the immune system and the physical strain on the patient's anatomy. This subjects you to early retirements, translating to less income in wages and benefits due to the incapacitation. Consequently, if you remain in employment, the productive hours are bound to reduce and a resultant decrease in quality since hampering your ability to earn income equivalent to your full potential.

  1. Higher cost of products

Manufacturers and designers develop products for the masses so as to benefit from the economies of scale which significantly reduces the cost of the product, enabling more people to afford the product. However, overweight consumers require a distinct category for most of the products, and this not only defies the economies of scale, but it also limits the options available and equally call for the use of more / unique material. Costs incurred in the development of this special category are transferred to the consumers. Therefore, overweight people pay more for their products as compared to the other body sizes.

  1. Weight management

Weight management requires the commitment of resources, and this can be costly to your wallet. The cost of purchasing weight-loss programs, gym membership, acquiring personal trainer or nutritionist and obtaining special diets are some of the initial costs that you will encounter. Later costs will arise from the need to purchase a new wardrobe if your weight management indemnavor yields positive results.

Alternately, doing nothing about your weight is also costly because it stems from a habit of overindulgence, and addiction and these habits are still expensive and extravagant to maintain.

  1. Social

The most unfortunate nonmedical cost of being overweight is the social impact of your weight on your ability to earn income. Discriminatory cases in the workplace have been reported towards people who are obese. The discriminatory tendencies including social exclusion not only harm the victim's self-esteem and confidence, but the psychological impact hampers their productivity leading to reduced productivity and efficiency. This hurts their chances of promotion and hence limits career advancement. Consequently, other employees, including the manager may intentionally avoid assigning responsibility to an overweight person because of the lack of trust in the individual's commitment and fear of replication of the same in their job duties.

Actions to Do If You Want Your Personal Finances to Improve

At the turn of each year, we all have our dreams and we possess new energy levels to achieve them. This individual expectation is like a cycle. Everyone wants to succeed, at least in their minds but not everyone will. Below is a list of 25 actions you should take if you want to improve…

At the turn of each year, we all have our dreams and we possess new energy levels to achieve them. This individual expectation is like a cycle. Everyone wants to succeed, at least in their minds but not everyone will. Below is a list of 25 actions you should take if you want to improve your personal finance this year.

1. REVIEW THE PAST YEAR: The first thing you should do is to analyze the past year. Research has shown that of the lots that make 'new financial resolutions' every year, less than 10% actually get to follow those resolutions through the year. Does it not bother you that at the beginning of last year, you also made resolutions that you failed at? Why turn around in cycles every year? Take a pen and paper, sit down and review your financial activities for the past year; from your income earnings to spending. Break everything down into tiny bits and you will have a clear picture of why some of your financial desires did not come to pass. It could be that your total expenditure outweighs your income.

Simple Guide: Create a ledger of credit and debit. Every of your income, no matter how little, should come to the credit side while expenses Come to the debit. Sum each side up. If your debt is over 30% of your credit, do you still wonder why that financial dream of yours was out of reach in the past year?

2. CREATE A CHECKLIST OF ALL YOUR FINANCIAL MATTERS: The second step is to create a checklist of all your financial matters, while including 'Emergency' as the last in the checklist. This is due emergency situations will always arise and can dent your plans, if you are not adequately prepared.

The best way to create this checklist is to break each financial matter down into months. Many people go through the year with false belief that they have everything sorted out in their heads. The more reason they fail because human beings are susceptible to memory loss. Sort them out in black and white instead, and a new level of motivation will come on you each time you look at the checklist. Alternatively, tools such as PocketGuard and Spendee can help you do this.

3. SET SPECIFIC FINANCIAL GOALS: After creating the checklist, the next step is to set your financial goals complete with specific dates. That is only when your wishes become goals since the dates act as deadlines thereby putting you on delightful pressure to beat them. Any goal without a specific date of achievement is not a goal. You are merely wishing. Sadly, this is what many people do.

By specific, I do not mean you say you will make a million naira in August 2018. Be more specific with date. Rather, say 'August 30, 2018' for instance. Then it becomes a goal that you can wake up every morning and chase around.

4. KEEP A FAITHFUL BUDGET: The failure of many people is that they are never faithful to their budget. This shows indiscipline. Learn to set and work within budget. That way, you can meet most of your financial plans and obligations. Going beyond budget will only put you in bad debt and make you miserable. If you can not plan your budget in black and white, there are wonderful digital tools such as Wallet and Personal Capital that enable you to do this and carry your budget around in your phone. Some others like PocketGuard even alert you that you are already spending beyond budget. Take advantage of these tools for better living. One thing you must never do is to simply budget in your head.

5. SPEND WHAT IS LEFT AFTER YOU HAVE SAVED: Learn to live by this rule today. For every dime you earn, save at least 10% of it. Now, this is the difficult part: many people are not disciplined enough to do this. The key to achieving this is to separate your business income from your personal finance.

6. LEVERAGE ON GOOD DEBTS AND AVOID BAD DEBTS: Everybody should like debt. This is a principle of the wealthiest people in the world. They like good debt and abhor bad debt. Good debt brings you more cash flow and if well managed, sets you towards financial freedom. Bad debt on the other hand, brings you unneeded luxuries, put serious pressure on you and can make you miserable. If you must boost your personal finance in 2018, try to avoid bad debts.

Good debts are incurred towards fulfilling billing financial obligations like the purchase of businesses, investment and stocks or real estate; these are things that will compound your financial interests over time and make you independent. Bad debts are taken out to buy non-essential luxuries such as cars, holiday trips and best proposal dinner. These luxuries do not compound wealth. Rather, they take what you already have. Decide which one you want.

7. PAY OFF YOUR SMALLER DEBTS FIRST: By now, you must be saying 'but I am in debt already. My debtors are breathing down my neck '. All well and good. Make it a point of focus to liquidate your bad debts. Start by making a list of your bad debts in order of their sizes. Then settle the smaller debts first. Any debt that is fully settled should be canceled out before moving to the next.

The logic behind this is simple. The smaller the debt, the easier it is to pay off. With each debt canceled out, the more confident you will become of liquidating the larger ones. This confidence brings with it desire not to keep going through the show of funding out debts every year. In other words, you'll become a better manager of your finances.

8. LIVE YOUR MEANS: This must be a strange one. I have heard many people advocating that people should live below their means in order to have reasonable savings. Well, I actually believe people should live their means. If you can afford to conveniently buy out a business, why not? The key to living your means is convenience.

In measuring your convenience level at taking on situations, you must be truthful to yourself about your financial situation. You might be on a 100, 000.00 Naira per month wage and feel you can live in a two bedroom apartment in town. You should calculate the other supervening expenses like monthly feeding, clothing, care and transportation to know how much you are left with to contribute towards the means you want to live.

A simple rule I advocate is this: if a personal financial project is more than 10% of your actual income, then you might be better off living below your means.

9. AVOID HAVING ENTITLEMENT MENTALITY: As a major, nobody owes you anything in life. So quit that lazy mindset. In business as in your personal finance, you are solely responsible for the decisions you make; for your successes and failures. Once this is firmly ingrained in your mind, the zeal not to fail will become a greater motivational that pushes you towards making smart financial choices. You will learn the act of taking responsibility. The most successful entrepreneurs do not sit down and wait for goodwill from some family members or friends. They struggle their ways through web of failure until the elusive success is captured. Then they work harder to keep the success. You should also have that mindset.

10. AVOID THE LOTTERY: This might not go down well with some lottery lovers but if you do not have firm control of your personal finance, then stay off the lottery. People ask and I tell them lottery is business of luck based on correct punditry or guessing of a given situation. You expend money time and time again in the hope of becoming lucky and hitting the jackpot. But what if you do not? Let us even assume you win. Have you taken stock of how much you have contributed to the lottery over the months and years and if what you won is up to your contribution? A few will be lucky to hit it big. However, a vast majority of people will not. The wealthiest people know that waiting for some big manna from heaven is a lazy way of understanding the concept of luck. They know that luck is a deliberate endeavor of an individual there before they diversify their portfolio before engaging in lottery.

11. OPERATE 3 DESIGNATED BANK ACCOUNTS: I am advocating this because most times we tend to draw from a single bank account to solve our personal financial challenges. The danger in this is that such practice is an enemy of financial planning and often runs people dry.

If you are serious about securing your financial future, then have 3 bank accounts where you save at different times. The first should be for savings and this could be your salary account. The second is for emergency while the third is for philanthropy. Since you're working on a budget, you know which account to go to on occasion and discipline will stop you from touching the other accounts when you have no need to.

Finance experts like Robert Kiyosaki advocate this strategy. I recommend it also.

12. TRACK YOUR NET WORTH ALWAYS: Do you really know how much you are worth? The problem is many people have a false sense of security. They believe selves to be worth more than they actually are. People who take control of their personal finances make it a habit to track their net worth always. Quit blushing over your assets. Try removing your liabilities from those assets to get an idea of ​​how much you are really worth. Whatever remains after you have subtracted your privileges from your assets is what you are really worth.

13. DIVERSIFY YOUR INVESTMENT HOLDING: Diversifying will help you to minimize your investment risks. Smart working entails you have your risks spread in different sectors. If your investments in a sector fail, your investments in other areas will help to mitigate the effect of your loss. There are many reasons why you should diversify: loss of business, inflation, taxation, government policies and political instability are a few of the reasons why you should never remain in a single sector as an investor.

14. CREATE PASSIVE INCOME: This is a key to financial freedom. To build passive wealth, you must be involved in activities or buying assets that generate you more income. To boost your personal finance this year, start engaging in activities that will generate you income even when you are not seriously working. Leverage on technology and get involved in online businesses, get involved in genuine network marketing programs, invest in viable businesses and watch your income compound.

15. LEARN THE RULES OF INVESTING: That you want to diversify and create passive income does not mean you should not follow the rules of investing. The first rule of investing is that you should never invest in what you do not understand. Get adequate knowledge before plunging your hard-earned money. The second rule is that you should never invest money you can not afford to lose. Investment can be a risky venture, so have liquid cash you can fall back to if the investment fails.

There are other rules you should learn such as the principle of compound interest, legal framework of what you are investing in, and so on.

16. ENGAGE IN YOUR PASSION AND HAVE FUN: Some people are miserable because they are not doing what they love. Some are stuck in jobs they hate just for the salary. To do great things in life, you must be passionate and enthusiastic about what you do. I love providing business and financial solutions to people who need them. It gives me joy.

Learn to be passionate about what you do. That is when you can have fun and enjoy life to the fullest. Not loving what you do can drive you to make poor financial choices.

If you hate what you are currently doing, here is a tip: give yourself sufficient time to properly invest in what you are passionate about. Then move on.

17. EXERCISE TO KEEP YOUR MIND AND BODY IN SHAPE: Many people work few hours and they are fagged out since since they do not perform any kind of exercise. Engaging in physical exercise keeps your mind at alert and your body in great shape to take on any physical activities.

18. TAKE YOUR HEALTH VERY IMPORTANT: All your goals in life will go as far as your health permits. Your health is your number one wealth; therefore you should not be careless with your health. I have seen people who are careless about what and how they eat and drink, and are clumsy. Personally, I hate sluggishness.

19. BE FLEXIBLE AND ALWAYS ADJUST: We all want to appear to be in charge, that we have planned ahead and are ready to take hold of our financial situations. However changes will occur along the way, some of them beyond our control. The people who take the largest control of their personal finances are people who adjust to favorable evolving trends. They are spontaneous in their approach towards life. The danger of being rigid is that you are not open to new ideas and opportunities. You are stuck with your perspective, with your personal understanding of doing things which may be what is limiting you. The wealthiest entrepreneurs and CEOs have a trait in common. They hire the smartest people to bring new innovative ideas that they can learn from and make adequate adjustments along the way. This is how businesses succeed. This is how personal finances compound. There are times when you follow your conviction, but make sure you have taken every necessary factor into consideration.

20. WORK SMART: Have you noticed that while you are stuck in your 9-5 job for a few thousans every month, another person works few hours and earns more higher than you? The rule of the 21st century is working smart. While I loathe laziness and can not encourage it, yet your hard work should be embedded in working smart. Think of disruptive ways you can engage the public that will generate you more income. Do you have large following on social media? You should leverage on that and promote your passion. Create reasonable awareness. The more awareness you create, the more people that need your services will seek you out. You do not have to wait for the fat bucks to come to you so you can rent the choicest office space. Take advantage of technology and start with what you have.

21. LEVERAGE ON TECHNOLOGY AND AUTOMATE SAVINGS: This is the age of technology and everything is going digital. You can not afford to keep living an analogue lifestyle. Get approved with the various available technologies that can help boost your personal finance this year. It is useless, for instance, to be carrying cash around when you can easily perform banking transactions on your mobile phone. You can automate your savings and spending so that you do not exceed your budget. An application like PocketGuard lets you do that.

22. GET INVOLVED IN PHILANTHROPY: I believe that giving is an effective way of receiving. There is fulfillment that comes with helping people around you to be better than they were. Philanthropy is not all about giving alms to the needy. It is about doing the little things to improve the circumstances of those around you. You can engage in community service, render pro bono services to do that really need it and so on.

If you have enjoyed some excellent services from a startup, you can help that business survive by a little words of mouth marketing. Doing such little things go a long way to impact on your personal finance as you will be seen as a trustworthy person whose recommendation is genuine, and this can only be good for your business.

23. HAVE A RETIREMENT PLAN IN PLACE: Some people think retirement is working for several years in the civil service and retiring to a life of pension. Retirement is planning for a life of less stress at work, not that you stop work altogether. Even if you own chain of companies, you can not work forever. You should give way at some point for younger, more dynamic leadership while you take on the overseer's role. So what are your retirement plans? Do you have insurance in place? How about retirement savings account? Have you buried your finances in different investment portfolios that will generate you income in years to come?

Do you have any shares or stock holding, and more specifically, do you have any real estate investment? Have you taken time to study about some government policies in your country and even study some government introduced financial incentives such as the sukuk bonds in Nigeria to know if it's a risk worth taking?

I have seen some people go broke after retirement because of lack of adequate planning. Do not fall into that trap of waiting for some pittance called pension from the government or whatever organization before you can survive. That is a life of misery, unless you want to live your whole life dependent on others for your basic survival.

24. HAVE A MENTOR: I believe so much in the power of imagination. You can only conceive an idea after you have built images in your mind. That is what mentor ship does to you. Whatever financial race you are in today has been won in the past by another. So make a mentor out of that person. Use their struggles and triumphs as a guide so that you can arrive faster at your destination than they did. Ask them relevant questions and get answers. There is no point making some mistakes if they can be avoided by having a mentor. We should learn to do things from a point of comfort.

25. START NOW, IT'S NEVER TOO LATE: Finally, it is never too late to start planning towards your financial independence. You can start putting in the hard work now and realize the benefits later. The danger is in not starting at all.

Tip: Remember to take stock at the end of the year to see how well you performed in boosting your personal finance.